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Cancer Hallmarks Defined

By Jennifer Bouchard | August 24, 2023

Each of the 14 Cancer Hallmarks is a part of a defined set of underlying principles that use cancer phenotypes and genotypes to help us further understand complexities of cancer. Each cancer type has its own set of key traits within its hallmarks that can be treatment targets. Supporting Research: Hanahan, D. & Weinberg, R.…

A New and Emerging Hallmark of Cancer: “Polymorphic Microbes”

By Jennifer Bouchard | August 1, 2023

The “Polymorphic Microbes” hallmark describes the cancer microbiome and includes bacteria, fungi, and viruses (microbiota) – these have a profound impact on cancer pathogenesis.

Explanation of the Functional Oncology Tree

By Jennifer Bouchard | February 13, 2023

Explanation of the Leaves in the Tree All tumor cells have characteristics, features, attributes, and behaviors that are part of the cancer cell’s survival plan and are defined in each of these hallmarks. Each cancer has its specific hallmark attributes that contribute to its ability to thrive. Hanahan D, Weinberg RA. Hallmarks of cancer: the…